Spaniels were bred to assist with hunting. Their job was to flush out game so that the hunter could shoot it.
Types of spaniels
The dog breeds we know today have a long history of development! Read more about dogs and how breeds developed.
The cocker spaniel had to root out woodcock (a bird). The springer spaniel had to make game spring from their hiding places. Spaniels enjoy splashing through the reeds, hunting for waterfowl, and can be trained to retrieve it.
The clumber spaniel is thought to have originated in France from whence it was exported during the French Revolution. They were sent to England, to the Duke of Newcastle's Clumber Park estate. Hence the name. This is the biggest and heaviest of the spaniel group. Clumbers are white with lemon markings. These dogs make excellent, docile pets.
Cavalier King Charles spaniels are small dogs - easily carried around. A good pet for a small property.
Spaniels are medium sized dogs. Their sad eyes make them appealing pets. They need constant grooming or the hair will mat. The ears droop into the food and water dishes, so look for a narrow deep bowl so that the ears flop to the side of it. Ears can be washed by dipping them in a jug of warm water, rubbing with soap, then rinsing well. They can drip dry or can be towel dried.
Spaniels come in a variety of colours.
Height: dogs 48 - 50 cm at shoulder
Bitches: 47 - 49 cm.
Class: gun dog
Spaniel puppies should be brushed daily so that they will get used to being groomed. Don't let the puppy chew up the brush! Everything is a toy to a puppy.
Brittany spaniels are now called Brittany pointers. They enjoy hunting for, pointing at, and retrieving game.